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AIDS prevention and indigenous teacher training in the Upper Solimões river region: limits and possibilities
J.F. Silva, D.R. Carloto, V. Lopes, M.S.M. Oliveira, I. Brito
Background: The region of the Upper Solimões river, in the Amazon, on the frontier between Brazil, Peru and Colombia, has a population characterized by geographic mobility and factors of heightened vulnerability to STD/AIDS, such as: differentiated standards of living their sexuality, extensive networks of sexual partners and alcohol abuse. Indigenous people of diverse ethnic groups live in this region. Getting these populations to reflect on STD/AIDS is an urgent challenge for public policies. As such, in 2007, the National STD and AIDS Programme, in partnership with the General Organization of Bilingual Ticuna Teachers of the Upper Solimões and the Ministry of Education, included the subject of STD/AIDS prevention as part of the Ticuna teacher training course with the aim of enabling these teachers to undertake health education, prevention and promotion activities regarding STD/AIDS.
Methods: The activities were distributed over three days, having a methodological structure oriented towards working together, through presentations involving dialogue, group activities, discussions about films and ludic activities based on presentations made by the teachers. On the final day the teachers designed a lesson plan on STD/AIDS. Part of the activities were bilingual (Portuguese and Ticuna), which contributed towards putting STD/AIDS into a context in keeping with the social and cultural reality of the participants.
Results: Some 250 indigenous teachers, aged between 21 and 60, of the Ticuna, Cocama, Cambeba and Caixana ethnic groups took part in the activities. These teachers showed themselves to be interested in approaching these issues with their students, thereby replicating information on STD/AIDS prevention in their schools and communities.
Conclusions: The challenges to combating the epidemic among hard to reach populations can be overcome by working together and ensuring the insertion of all stakeholders involved, taking into consideration their cultural diversities, needs and requirements in building collective responses.
AIDS 2008 – XVII International AIDS Conference
Abstract no. TUPE0730
“J.F.Silva, et al. AIDS prevention and indigenous teacher training in the Upper Solimões river region: limits and possibilities. : AIDS 2008 – XVII International AIDS Conference: Abstract no. TUPE0730”